A Proper Ambition – 2 Corinthians 5:11-13

Series: 2 Corinthians

II Corinthians 5:11-13 ESV
11  Therefore, knowing the fear of the Lord, we persuade others. But what we are is known to God, and I hope it is known also to your conscience. 12  We are not commending ourselves to you again but giving you cause to boast about us, so that you may be able to answer those who boast about outward appearance and not about what is in the heart. 13  For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; if we are in our right mind, it is for you.

In this chapter the apostle Paul has already made known his great ambition—the great goal for his life. Since he was in Christ, he wanted to please the Lord with all his life. He sought that because he knew he would give a personal account to the Lord one day. Now we see that this great ambition produced another ambition for him. We should expect ourselves and one another to make spiritual progress. There ought to be many areas in which we are becoming more and more like Jesus. When the Lord saves us, we are newborn babies, but we should move on to youth and on from there to full maturity. Regardless of one’s degree of scholarship, and we ought to improve in that area also, we should have a growing knowledge of the Lord and his grace in the gospel. Then we will all be better able to serve, if only because people will be able to see that we have been with Jesus. So do not be content with the status quo, whether for yourself or for our whole spiritual family.


I. The roots of this ambition 
A. It came from what the apostle knew of the Lord Jesus Christ. (5:11a)

1. He knew personally the nature of the Lord. Christ had found him by his grace, and that encounter had transformed him from pride in himself to one who boasted or gloried in Christ. This is significant spiritual progress—from self-sufficiency to glorying in the Lord’s all-sufficiency. Later in the letter, we will learn how Paul learned this.

2. He had a healthy fear or reverence about his personal accountability to the Lord Jesus. People who know that Christ has sent them on a mission in this world consider how they use their lives for Christ’s mission as a very important matter. We are not here to build our own personal empires or to take up space without being noticed. It is troubling how the human mind pursues those polar opposites, and in the process ignores what the Lord wants us to do. But Paul’s view of Christ would not allow him to go in either of those wrong directions.

Point: Your view of Christ really affects your way of life. Your problem is not so much what you are or are not doing. It stems from your real thoughts and ideas about Jesus Christ.
B. It came from what the apostle knew God knew about him. (5:11c-12)

1. It was a settled fact that God knew him thoroughly. Paul did not think that he was pulling something over on God. “You can’t see me now,” or “you’re not paying attention to me now, are you?” Our lives are an open book to God (cf. Heb 4:13).

2. Paul hoped that his brothers and sisters in Corinth took the life that he had lived among them in the same way. He did not have some ulterior motives, as we have already seen earlier in the letter, but he was living for Christ and the gospel.

Apply: We need to live consistent Christ-focused and gospel-formed lives before each other, so that we have the general attitude about each other, “My brother or sister in Christ is living for Christ.” Certainly, we will all have spiritual struggles, but I am speaking about being confident about how each one actually is in their way of life.

3. Paul wanted them to have this attitude about him so that they would be able to answer those who were causing problems about Paul and his ministry (5:12). Clearly, there were some who were trying to discount Paul and his ministry, in order to lead the Corinthians away from Christ and the gospel. Paul knew that the false teachers took pride in external matters and did not really care about internal, spiritual attitudes. This is the same issue that Jesus confronted the Jewish leaders about many times.

Apply: Are you concerned about the inner person of your heart? Is the truth of Christ and the gospel transforming your thoughts, ideas, attitudes, and words? Can you trace a line of gospel change in your way of life?
II. What the ambition produced in his life
A. It caused him to concern himself with God and people, and not on what people thought about him (5:13). If you are concerned first about the opinions of people, you are simply a people pleaser, and you will not be pleasing the Lord (cf. 5:9). You will always be looking over your shoulder to see whether people are smiling or frowning at you. A “people pleasing desire” ruins your freedom in Christ and your boldness for Christ. But Paul wanted to please the Lord, and so he simply served for Christ and the gospel.

1. On the one hand, some said that he was “out of his mind”. Some want to refer this to his speaking in tongues, but I don’t think this is what he is talking about, because the Corinthians were glad to exercise such spiritual gifts, so much so, that Paul had to give instruction about the correct usage of prophecy and tongues in their meetings (1 Cor 12-14). Instead like Jesus (Mk 3:20-21), Paul was probably being criticized for his zealous service for Christ and the gospel (cf. Ac 26:24). “That Paul—he’s crazy! He never talks about anything else or does anything else! It’s Jesus and the gospel! You’ve got to stay clear of someone like that.” Paul responds with indifference to this kind of criticism. “You can call me crazy; I’m just living for the Lord Jesus Christ.” As someone once said, “It doesn’t matter if you’re a nut, as long as you’re fastened to the right bolt.” By the way, people might applaud you for living for Jesus, until you actually start to do it.

2. On the other hand, if people applauded him as in his right mind, Paul did not bask in self-appreciation. He was content to be serving his brothers and sisters in Christ with the message of the gospel.

Point: Paul had an intense “God and other people” attitude. Do you?
B. It caused him to try to persuade people (5:11b).

1. Paul is talking about evangelism. While he doesn’t use this term elsewhere for telling the good news, Luke uses it about him (Acts 17:2-4; 18:4; 19:8; 26:28; 28:23). Notice that it is proper to try to persuade people to come to a change of mind and to believe the gospel. While we must interact with people with respect, love, and kindness, we must also try to persuade them. They are in a deadly spiritual condition and need the Savior! It is not a matter that one can dismiss with a casual “take or leave it” attitude. People should sense that the word of the Lord is important to us and that we think it is important for them, too.

2. We must have our eyes filled with the fact that everyone we meet will be judged by the Lord Jesus Christ one day. When we encounter people, this thought should be affecting how we interact with them, regardless of how personal a meeting it is. “I am not simply buying groceries; I am in this place for Jesus. Yes, I’m watching this game or movie or television show with my friends, but I’m also watching it for Jesus. It’s another day on my job, but I’m working for Jesus first, while I do my best for my employer.”

Apply: So then, how will you use your life this week? What three actions do you need to do to spread the good news of Jesus Christ? What five people are you praying to reach? How much time will you invest in Christ’s mission for you this week?
[author] [author_image timthumb=’on’]http://christmycovenant.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/frampton-dave.jpg[/author_image] [author_info]Pastor Dave Frampton: When push comes to shove there is usually nothing more satisfying than for a saint of God to have at his or her disposal a source of biblically sound instruction in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. The faithful and spiritually profitable labors of Dave Frampton are here at CMC to be a blessing. Bible teacher and student alike will profit much from his labor in the God’s Word. Visit Newtown Square Baptist Church[/author_info] [/author] [button link=”http://www.newtownsquarebaptist.org/” color=”red” newwindow=”yes”] Visit Newtown Square Baptist Church[/button]

The Mighty and Merciful Message of Romans 1-8

Paul writes the letter to the Roman church to mobilize their support for his mission to Spain. In Romans 15:24 he writes, “I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you.” He has never been to Rome and has never met most of these Christians. So he lays out his gospel for them to see in these 16 chapters.
Oh that all our missionaries would know the book of Romans and preach the book of Romans. And Oh that those of us who send would know the book of Romans and live the book of Romans so that we would send missionaries the way Paul wanted to be sent and supported from Rome to Spain. The mighty and merciful message of this book will make rich Americans strip down to a more wartime lifestyle and pour their resources into the cause of the gospel. And the mighty and merciful message of this book, in the mouths of suffering missionaries, will break the powers of darkness and plant the Church of Christ in the hardest places.

The Multi-Cultural, Global Aspect of This Letter

It’s not surprising then as you start to read this letter, there is a multi-cultural, global point to it. In Romans 1:5 Paul tells us the goal of his apostleship: “We have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations.” That’s why he preaches. That’s why he is going to Spain. That’s why he writes this letter: to bring about faith in Jesus Christ and the obedience that comes from it – “among all nations!” Romans is about the nations – the people groups who don’t yet believe on Christ. Who are not justified and not yet sanctified and therefore will not be glorified if they are not reached with the gospel.
Then in verse 14 he tells us his apostolic obligation again: “I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.” And lest we think he has left out the Jews, he says in verse 16, “I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.” Jews, Greeks, Barbarians, wise, foolish! In other words, this mighty and merciful message of the book of Romans breaks through national distinctions and cultural distinctions and educational distinctions.
This is utterly crucial to see in our pluralistic time – a time very much like the first century when the church of Christ spread so rapidly. Christianity is not a tribal religion, but calls for faith and allegiance from every tribe and tongue and people and nation. Jesus is not one among many gods. He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and there is no other name under heaven by which all men must be saved. The mighty, merciful message of Romans is not just one way of salvation among many. It is the way of salvation, because Jesus Christ is the one and only Son of God and Savior.
This claim has always been disputed. And it is especially disputed today in America, even among professing Christians, and, of course, among Muslims and Jews. In Friday’s Star Tribune there was another article rejecting the necessity of faith in Christ. A joint commission of Catholic bishops and American rabbis released a document called “Reflection on Covenant and Mission.” The main thrust, the author said, is this: “Efforts to convert Jews are ‘no longer theologically acceptable’ . . . because the Jewish people already ‘abide in covenant with God” (Friday, Sept. 20, 2002, p. A23). In other words, there is one way of salvation for Jews who reject Christ, and there is another way of salvation for Christians who receive Christ.
This is a false and heartbreaking statement from Christian bishops in view of what Jesus said, “Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him” (John 3:36). Therefore, concerning the Gentiles who accept him and the Jews who reject him, Jesus said, “Many [the Gentiles] will come from east and west and recline at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven, while the sons of the kingdom [the Jewish people who reject him] will be thrown into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (Matthew 8:11-12).
So it is utterly crucial that we see the universal claims of the mighty and merciful message of Romans. We are not dealing here with a human opinion, or a human philosophy, or a self-improvement program, or a tribal religion, or something parochial and limited. We are dealing here with the true news that the one and only God has acted uniquely in history to save people by sending his one and only Son to die for sinners and rise again. To reject this news is to perish.

The Thesis of the Letter: Romans 1:16-17

So Paul states his point in Romans 1:16-17 and then explains and applies it in the rest of the letter. “I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, ‘The righteous shall live by faith.’” First, Paul says that his message – his gospel – is mighty and merciful to save: it is the power of God unto salvation. And this salvation is through faith. The power of the gospel to save penetrates to our souls with faith in Jesus Christ.
Then in verse 17 he explains why the gospel has this power: “For in it the righteousness of God is revealed.” The gospel has the power to save those who trust Christ because it reveals the righteousness of God. What does that mean?

Romans 1:18 – 3:20: Why All of Us Need to Be Saved

Before he explains what it means, Paul spends Romans 1:18 – 3:19 to show why all of us need to be saved. You see his summary in Romans 3:9, “We have already charged that all, both Jews and Greeks, are under sin.” And verse 19: “Every mouth [is] stopped, and the whole world [is] held accountable to God.” So we are all sinners. We are all under God’s wrath (1:18). We have no righteousness that could commend us to him, and 3:20 makes plain that we can never save or justify ourselves: “By works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight.” We are sinners. We are under God’s just and holy wrath. And we cannot save or justify ourselves by works.

Romans 3:21-31: Revelation of the Righteousness of God by Faith in Jesus and Its Implications

John Piper - RomansNow Paul returns to his main point of Romans 1:16-17 and explains what it means that the gospel is the power of God to save believers because it reveals the righteousness of God by faith. He says in verse 21-22, “But now the righteousness of God has been manifested [here he’s picking up the revealing of God’s righteousness in verse 17] apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it – 22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe.”
So what is the revealing of the righteousness of God that gives the gospel its power and saves believers? It’s the manifesting of “God’s righteousness that comes through faith in Jesus.” It’s God’s righteousness revealed as a gift to us through faith. It’s what we call justification. So Paul says in verse 24 that sinners who trust Christ “are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.” The revelation of God’s righteousness that makes the gospel the power of God unto salvation is the demonstration and the gift of God’s righteousness to sinners who trust in Christ.
Romans 3:25 explains how God can justify sinners without being unjust: “God put [Christ] forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins.” In other words, God ordained for his Son to die in our place so that the Father’s wrath and curse would be on him and not on those who believe. In this way he shows his hatred for sin and his just dealing with it. So now, as verse 26 says, he can be “just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.”
So the death of Christ is the foundation of our justification. If we believe in Jesus, God counts us righteous for Jesus’ sake. We are seen and treated as just. That is justification. And in verse 28 he makes clear that this right standing with God is not by works but by faith, “For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.”
And right here don’t miss the global, missionary, multi-cultural implication of this. Paul himself draws it out in verses 29-30, “Or is God the God of Jews only? Is he not the God of Gentiles [the nations] also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since God is one. He will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith.” Justification by faith in Christ is the mighty and merciful global message we have for all the nations and all the people groups and all the people we will ever meet. There is one Savior, one cross, one resurrection and one way to be right with the one God: having his righteousness imputed to us by faith in Christ, not by works.

Romans 4: Abraham’s Justification by Faith apart from Works

In chapter 4 Paul makes the case for justification by faith apart from works by using Abraham as an example: “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness” (verse 3). One of the most precious verses in the book is built off Abraham’s example (verse 5): “And to the one who does not work but trusts him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness.” Not work but faith justifies. And not the godly but the ungodly are justified. This is good news indeed – this is the mighty and merciful message of Romans.

Romans 5: Hope and Security in the Face of Suffering and Death

In chapter 5 Paul sums up with verse 1, “Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.” Then he opens the reality of suffering and death for the justified – and anticipates the huge emphasis on suffering in chapter 8. Verse 3 tells us why we can rejoice in tribulation – it leads to patience and approvedness and hope.
Then against the backdrop of this tribulation he argues exactly the same way he does in chapter 8 – from the greater to the lesser – if God can do a hard thing, he can do an easy thing. Recall in Romans 8:32 he says, “He who did not spare his own Son, but gave him up for us all [the hard thing], how shall he not with him freely give us all things [the easy thing]?” That’s exactly the way Paul argues here in Romans 5:9, “Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood [that’s the hard thing], much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God [that’s the easy thing].” Same kind of argument in verse 10: “For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son [that’s the hard thing], much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life [that’s the easy thing].”
The point is our hope and security in the face of suffering and death, just like it is in Romans 8. Normal Christianity is tribulation. “Through many tribulations we must enter the kingdom of God” (Acts 14:22). Don’t ever forget that the mighty and merciful message of Romans is put forth in the context of expected suffering.
Death is a massive reality in all cultures. If you have a gospel you must have some explanation of death and some hope in the face of death. That is what Paul takes up inRomans 5:12-21, and he does it by comparing Adam, whose disobedience brought sin and death, with Christ, whose obedience brought righteousness and life. Verse 19 states the contrast most clearly: “For as by the one man’s [Adam’s] disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s [Christ’s] obedience the many will be made righteous.” Adam’s sin and condemnation were imputed to us because we are united to him by birth; so Christ’s obedience and exoneration were imputed to us because we are united to him by faith.
Then Paul sums up the triumph of grace through Christ in verse 21: “. . . So that as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”

Romans 6: Union with Christ Is Death to Sin and Deliverance from Slavery

Which led to a problem that had to be solved: If we are really justified by faith alone and where sin abounds grace abounds all the more, then why not sin that grace may abound? And Paul answers this in chapter 6 with the teaching that faith unites us to Christ in a real way so that we actually experience with him a death to sin and a deliverance from its slavery (6:6, 17-18). All justified people are being sanctified.

Romans 7: Dead to the Law that We May Belong to Another

Then in chapter 7 Paul argues that it is not an orientation on law-keeping that sanctifies us – or makes us like Jesus. No, “you also have died to the law through the body of Christ, so that you may belong to another, to him who has been raised from the dead, in order that we may bear fruit for God. . . We are released from the law, having died to that which held us captive, so that we serve not under the old written code but in the new life of the Spirit” (7:4, 6).
The Christian life is lived in the free gift and earnest pursuit of a relation to Jesus Christ “That you might belong to another!” (7:4). He is the might and the mercy and the model and the mandate of the Christian life.

Romans 8: Nothing Can Separate Us from the Love of Christ

This brought us then in these recent weeks to Romans 8 – the great 8. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ (verse 35)? Do you see the connection between that and Romans 7:4? Dead to the law so that we might belong to another – to him who was raised from the dead, Jesus Christ. That is the key to living and the key to dying. Who then shall separate us from the love of Christ. Answer: Nothing. Who shall separate us from the love of God in Christ? Answer: Nothing.
“So whether we live or whether we die we are the Lord’s, for to this end Christ died and rose again, that he might be Lord both of the living and the dead” (Romans 14:8-9). Live under his lordship, die under his lordship. And always sing to the invincible love of God in Christ.

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The Reason for the Goal – 2 Cor 5:10

Series: 2 Corinthians

II Corinthians 5:10 ESV
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil.

God made us in his image. As God has an eternal purpose (Eph 3:11) to bring great glory to his name through the Lord Jesus Christ (Ph 2:9-11), so he created us with the capacity to have ambitions and goals. For us, his dearly loved children, the Father wants our goals and ambitions to coincide with his. And since we have put off the old self and put on the new (Eph 4:21-24), we share his goal. Everything in our way of life starts with our new identity in Christ. However, during this in-between time in which we still live in this earthly tent, in this body, we still are affected by remaining sin in body and spirit (cf. 7:1). Yes, we struggle against sin; indeed, we’re in a war against sin (1 Pt 2:11). In this spiritual war, we have great resources: the Holy Spirit, the Scriptures, partnership with other believers, etc. Yet we still become careless and neglect to live according to the truth that is in Jesus.
The apostle Paul understood this tendency to lose sight of our goal of pleasing the Lord Jesus Christ (5:9). So he gives every believer a compelling reason to stay focused on Christ and the gospel. Did I say a reason? Well, it is that, but think of it as a bucket of ice water dumped on you. Yow! All right, I’m awake now! After this earthly life, the Lord Jesus Christ will judge each of us. The Spirit through the apostle uses the doctrine of last things to influence our Christian way of life. May we listen attentively to the word of the Lord!
I. The appearance before Christ’s judgment seat
A. It is a necessary appearance.

1. The verb must is used many times in the NTS to set forth divine necessity (cf. 1 Cor 15:25, 53; etc.) It is God’s sovereign decision to bring us to the judgment seat of Christ (cf. Rm 14:10). The Greek word Paul selected means judicial bench or tribunal. Jesus appeared before Pilate’s judicial bench (Mt 27:19; Jn 19:13), and Paul appeared the judicial bench of Gallio (Ac 18:12-17).

2. This appearance is unavoidable. The verb appear is in the passive voice. God will cause us to appear. No one will be able to “settle out of court”. You and I will appear before the Lord of glory, the Risen and Ascended Christ, to be judged.

B. It is an appearance for all believers.

1. Certainly, all people, whether believers or unbelievers (Rev 20:11-15) will be judged by the Lord (Mt 16:27; 25:31-46).

2. But in this context Paul is talking particularly about believers, who look forward in this life to our resurrection bodies. However, the fact that this earthly tent will be taken down and replaced with something far better does not mean that our present use of our bodies is trivial or inconsequential. Without getting too philosophical, human thought through the ages has swung back and forth about the relationship between the spiritual and the material, between the soul and the body. The Corinthians may have been infected with ideas that the body didn’t matter. Religious experience based on ritual has the same problem. Sin how you want with the body, and a little religious ritual will take care of the misdeeds of the body. Instead, Paul presents the Lord’s position. Since he made our bodies and gave them to us for our present life, it does matter to the Lord Christ what we do with them (Rm 12:1-2).

Apply: Everyone should take seriously how this applies to sexual immorality (1 Cor 6:12-20). Sex is a good gift from God, but it must be satisfied in a godly manner.
Point: “All the new covenant people are being glorified; all will be raised; all will be judged” (Barnett).
II. The object of our appearance
A. The purpose is to give personal account to the Lord.

1. Notice the emphasis on “we… all” and “each one” (cf. Rev 2:23: 22:12). It is our personal session with Jesus Christ the Righteous to discuss how we used our lives.

2. The outcome will be from our Holy, Wise and All-knowing Lord. The Father has committed all judgment to him (Jn 5:22-23). So don’t bother to assume that you’ll be able to change the result by negotiation. It will be impartial (1 Pt 1:17). Regardless of what we think of each other or what we want others to think of us, each one’s praise will come from the Lord (Jn 12:43; Rm 2:29; 1 Cor 4:5).

B. The purpose is to receive what is due us. It is Christ’s time to settle up.

1. Clearly, we must keep a clear and certain hold on the teaching of justification by grace through faith in Christ as we think through this matter. When we trust in Christ and receive forgiveness and his righteousness, we are right with God (Ac 13:38-39; Rm 5:1; 8:1, 31-39; cf. Heb 8:12; 10:17).

2. Instead, it refers to how we use our present lives in service for Christ and the gospel. Christ expects our lives to produce fruit for the glory of God (Jn 15:1-17). The Lord will repay us according to how we live for him. This is true regardless of our station in life (Eph 6:5-9; Col 3:22-4:1), for what we do to further the gospel (Ph 4:17), about how we ministers built churches—not buildings but the people in an assembly (1 Cor 3:5-15), about what motives we acted from (1 Cor 4:5; Ph 1:15-18), about how much treasure we stored up in heaven (Mt 6:19-21), and about how we used our gifts and abilities (Mt 25:14-30; Lk 12:35-48; 19:11-27).

III. The kind of accounting we must give
A. It is an account about our earthly way of life.

1. Observe that he says, “While in the body….” Now is the time to live for Christ and the gospel. What you can do for Jesus, you must do now. We often mislead ourselves, supposing that we have to get in the right circumstances. Then we’ll serve the Lord. Don’t kid yourself. Each of us has the same 24/7. No one has perfect conditions in a fallen world with a weak body. “I’m so tired! I have a headache! I have too much to do!” Yeah, so what?

2. It concerns what we do. “I had all these plans that one day I would.” Really? So how many of them did you complete or attempt to complete? “I plan to join or start a small group, to witness to my friends, to pray for others, to do whatever!” Either you are using your body for the Lord or you are not. Face up to what you’re actually doing!

B. It is a comprehensive account

1. Paul speaks of two all-encompassing alternatives. What we do is either good or bad. It either brings glory to God through Jesus Christ, or it does not.

2. This accounting is given after the end of our earthly lives in this present age. Paul does not say when this will happen. Some suggest one time; others another. “But in comparison with the supreme and sobering fact of his accountability to Chris, the precise time… would have been a matter of relative insignificance to Paul” (Harris).

Point: Let’s all be ready to give account to the Lord. Are you ready?
[author] [author_image timthumb=’on’]http://christmycovenant.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/frampton-dave.jpg[/author_image] [author_info]Pastor Dave Frampton: When push comes to shove there is usually nothing more satisfying than for a saint of God to have at his or her disposal a source of biblically sound instruction in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. The faithful and spiritually profitable labors of Dave Frampton are here at CMC to be a blessing. Bible teacher and student alike will profit much from his labor in the God’s Word. Visit Newtown Square Baptist Church[/author_info] [/author]