Study Series: The Gospel of John
Larger Context: Jesus’ Self-Disclosure in His Cross and Exaltation (12:20-13:35) (Part Two)
A New Commandment (13:31-35)
The Announcement of His Hour (12:20-36)
Scripture Fulfilled (12:37-50)
A New Commandment (12:20-13:35)
A New Commandment (13:31-35)
V. 31-32 So, when he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in Him. If God is glorified in Him, God will also glorify Him in Himself, and glorify Him immediately.
The waiting is over. The hour has come – the moment of supreme, divine disclosure.
The greatest moment of displayed glory will come in the shame of the cross (see Isa. 49:3 and its surrounding context). God’s splendor is seen in the perfect obedience of the Son’s sacrifice. Both Jesus and the Father are glorified in this incredible event.
If God glorifies His Son in the cross event, God will most certainly glorify Him in His exaltation – giving Him the name that is above every name. Jesus will come again in that glory. In that day will you look upon Him as one you have spurned?
Every genuine disciple is concerned for the glory of God.
V. 33-35 Little children, I shall be with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come,’ so now I say to you.
A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”
Jesus prepares His disciples for His departure and begins to layout what He expects of them while He is away. The command to love one another is such a simple command and yet, oh so profound. The depth of this standard of love demands supernatural enabling. The newness of the command is brought out in the “as I have love you.” Jesus brings us to the fullest expression – the fulfillment of the law! (This reflects the relationship of love that exists between Father and Son).
Is our love evident? Can you put “I” in place of “love in 1 Cor. 13? Jesus can! How we need to find ourselves praying, “O Lord Jesus, teach me to love others as You love.”
If the church existed in that kind of love – selfless, sacrificial, forgiving, etc. we would absolutely overwhelm the world. Instead, too often there are factions, people gossip, backbite, talk too much, and criticize … while the people of the world gaze on. Real love is costly. It is humble, forgiving, quick to repent, and strives to make things right.
I believe that this new commandment to love one another as Christ has loved us is our New Covenant foundation. (“as I have loved you” – justification as illustrated by the footwashing. Compare Romans. Chapters 1-11 speak of all that we have as a result of Christ loving us. Chapter 12 and following bring on the “therefore” – the practical response. In Ephesians, chapters 1-3 unfold Christ’s great love and all we have as a result. Chapters 4-6 extends the call to walk worthy of such a high calling. In other words to “love one another as [Jesus has] loved you.”) If our Lord and Master has washed our feet (i.e. cleansed us, served us, and forgiven us), how much more ought we to love one another?
What makes this commandment new? The call to love was given before. I believe the newness is the connection with the cross …”as I have loved you.” The New Covenant provides the new heart to motivate obedience. Where do we go for the example of love? We go to the cross, where Jesus laid down His life freely for His people.
Compare John 13:7 with 1 John 3:16-18, 4:10-11, to see what John “knew” after the resurrection. We see clearly in John’s first epistle that John came to realize what Jesus meant in John 13.
This must be the foundation of all we do. “The love of Christ constrains me,” Paul said – not guilt or tradition or fear (2 Cor. 5:14; Rom. 5:5). If we are not motivated by the love of Christ, it is legalism. The New Covenant ushers forth a new commandment! The world is watching. What do they see – bickering with one another, judging one another? We know we have different preferences and ideas, and that we don’t see every jot and tittle the same. We have disagreements, but we must love one another and find out a way to work out differences, and be longsuffering and forebearing. We are all aware of church splits … and the world watches on.
To follow our King’s command takes commitment and effort as constrained by the love of Christ. The law of Christ (Gal. 6:2) is our N.C. law, not O.C. wineskin. Jesus and the New Covenant and the new commandment is our starting point. The event that saves us also commands us how to live! We are motivated by grace and love, not guilt or fear or intimidation. The love of Jesus poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit is what keeps us together and keeps us going. A New Covenant servant is secure in the fact that God accepts him in Christ and for Christ’s sake. Thus, the other person’s response is not the issue.
Too often we get caught up in the other’s response and attitude etc. Behold Jesus with Judas. It is nice to have our love returned, but is that our motive? If it is not, then why are we so upset when our reaching out and serving is not received or appreciated as we think it should be? Is our focus the result or loving one another as Christ has loved us? Or are we self-motivated – we want a friend; we want to be liked, we want to be stroked? But if I love like Jesus, I’ll be vulnerable and open to be hurt … just like Jesus. Are we committed to love one another, or do we walk away when difficulties arise … and they will arise. (God is committed to us! See also Rom. 8.) There seems to be very little commitment in North American Christianity (Luke 12:35-40, 43). Temptation, sin, and evil, are our common enemies. My brother is not my enemy. If we could only combine our efforts to defeat evil. Our brother needs to know we are with him and for him and that his burden is our burden.
Pride hinders our fulfilling the law of Christ (pride is that sin rooted in the devil himself). It is of all sins most subtle and deceiving and difficult to subdue. It is so insidious and cunning that it can persuade us to think we are something when we are nothing. Pride evaluates itself by comparison with others (2 Cor. 10:12). Do you think you are a little better Christian than most? Is your attitude such that you view that there are sins and failings and attitudes in this fellowship that require far more attention than yours? Do we spend more time wary of and examining our own motives, as opposed to wondering about another’s motives or sincerity – for typically we have plenty of weaknesses and temptations and secret sins and failings.
Christ’s N.C. command to us should compel us to ask: “Are my actions genuinely influenced by Christ’s love?” If our response to such questions as above, immediately cause us to think about how they apply to others, it should tells us something about ourselves. Are we really testing our own actions or somebody else’s actions? Are we evaluating ourselves against the standard of Christ or are we comparing ourselves to others? Jesus Christ is our standard. In light of Christ’s majesty and glory, our sin shows up in all its true vileness and shame. If we would only remember this when someone criticizes us about one of our faults or failures, we would realize they have not seen the half of it. And when we feel constrained to offer a word of criticism, to a brother, we would likely be more careful and few in words if we saw Jesus at our side and looking into our eyes and heart. This Jesus who is Lord of all and could have rightly commanded His disciples to fall down before Him in fearful worship … but no, the King of kings took a towel and girded Himself and began to wash the disciple’s feet.
Wonder of wonders! The King takes the position of a lowly servant, and He wants them and us to see that loving servanthood is foundational in His kingdom. This is the way of blessedness; compelled by the love of Christ (as I have loved you), not legalism which goes hand in hand with pride and erases love. That’s why the Lord’s table is an “often” event. It takes us to the cross – the “as I have loved you” – which provides sufficient incentive for our kingdom duty to love one another. And this love is the mark of the reality of the Christian faith to the world – not apologetics or elaborate programs, but genuine and discernable love between believers. Without love all else is in vain (1 Cor. 13).
A New Covenant = a new law. A genuine love of Christ cannot be separated by a genuine desire to obey His commandments (John 14:15; 1 John 5:2-3).
C. The Announcement of His Hour (12:20-36)
V. 20 Now there were certain Greeks among those who came up to worship at the feast.
The arrival of the Greeks seeking Jesus serves as a signal that the “hour” was at hand.
V. 21 Then they came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, “Sir, we wish to see Jesus.”
At the very time the leaders of Israel sought to kill Him, the Greeks desired to see Him. Jesus was about to be the Savior of the Gentiles as well as the Jews. Of old it had been said, “and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations” (Hag. 2:7). It seems it was more than an idle curiosity which prompted these Greeks, for if it was only a physical sight of Him which they desired, that could have been accomplished as He passed in and out of the temple or along the street of Jerusalem, without them interviewing Philip. It was a personal and intimate acquaintance with Him that their souls craved. The form in which they stated their request was prophetically significant. It was not, “We desire to witness one of his mighty works,” but “We wish to see Jesus.”
V. 22 Philip came and told Andrew, and in turn Andrew and Philip told Jesus.
When Christ had sent forth the Twelve on their first preaching tour, He expressly commanded them, “Do not go into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans.” Furthermore, the disciples had heard Him say to the Canaanite woman, “I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel” (Matthew 15:24). Most probably it was because these definite statements were in Philip’s mind that he now sought out Andrew and asked his advice.
V. 23-24 But Jesus answered them, saying, “The hour has come that the Son of Man should be glorified. Most assuredly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it produces much grain.
I love Jesus’ response. There must be a New Covenant established to bring in the Greeks! Apart from His sacrificial death, Jesus could do nothing for these Greeks. An earthly Messiah would do nothing for them at all.
This is the first time, the Lord declared that His “hour” had come. At Cana He had said to His mother, “My hour has not yet come” (John 2:4), and about the middle of His public ministry we read, “No one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come” (John 7:30). But here He announced that His hour had arrived; the hour when He, as Son of Man, would be “glorified.” This could be a double reference. The context could refer to the time when the Son of man would be glorified by receiving the worship of the Gentiles. But most certainly, linking this verse with the one that immediately follows, it is equally clear that He referred to His approaching death. To His followers, the cross appears as the lowest depths of humiliation, but the Savior regarded it (also) as His glorification. John 13:30, 31 brings this out: “Having received the piece of bread, he then went out immediately. And it was night. So [or therefore], when he had gone out, Jesus said, Now the Son of man is glorified, and God is glorified in Him.” The two things are intimately related: salvation could not come to the Gentiles except through His death.
If the Lord Jesus is to be to others the “resurrection” and the “life”, we now learn what this involved for Him. He would be glorified by being the firstborn among many brethren. But how? Through death: “Unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains alone: but if it dies, it produces much fruit” (John 12:24). Life could not come to us but through His death. Every seed sown in the ground to produce a harvest is a testimony to the cross-work of Jesus Christ.
These “Greeks” pointed in the direction of those other “sheep” which the Good Shepherd must also bring. It is also significant to note that just as Gentiles (the magi from the East) had sought Him soon after His birth, so now these “Greeks” came to Him shortly before His death.
V. 25- 27 He who loves his life will lose it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life. If anyone serves Me, let him follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also. If anyone serves Me, him My Father will honor. “Now My soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? But for this purpose I came to this hour.
He who thinks more of this life that now is, than the life which is to come, shall lose his soul. Jesus’ disciples must give up their Jewish ideas of temporal rewards. They need to see that the kingdom is spiritual. Jesus’ sheep are content to lose much in this life, in order to gain the glory of the life to come. They seek the glory and honor of God.
This is the prelude to Gethsemane. It reveals to us something of Christ’s inward sufferings. His anguish was extreme; His heart was “troubled” – in horror and grief. Why was this? The insults and sufferings which He was to receive at the hands of men? The wounding of His heel by the Serpent? No, I believe it was the prospect of being “made a curse for us,” of suffering the righteous wrath of a sin-hating God. “What shall I say?” He asks, not “What shall I choose?” There was no wavering in purpose, or indecision of will. Though His holy nature shrank from being “made sin,” it only marked His perfections to ask that such a cup might pass from Him. Nevertheless, He bowed, unhesitatingly, to the Father’s will, saying, “But for this purpose I came to this hour.” The bitter cup was accepted.
V. 28 Father, glorify Your name.” Then a voice came from heaven, saying, “I have both glorified it and will glorify it again.”
The heavenly Father, who had been glorifying His name throughout the ministry of His dear Son, will glorify it again in the death and exaltation of Jesus – giving Him the name that is above every name!
V. 29-30 Therefore the people who stood by and heard it said that it had thundered. Others said, “An angel has spoken to Him.” Jesus answered and said, “This voice did not come because of Me, but for your sake.
Three times the Father spoke audibly to the Son: at the beginning, in the middle, and at the end of His Messianic career, and in each case it was in view of His death. At the Jordan Christ went down, symbolically, into the place of death in the waters of baptism; on the Mount of Transfiguration, Moses and Elijah had talked with Him “of his [lit.] ‘exodus’” (Luke 9:31); and here, Christ had just announced that His “hour” was at hand.
The hardness of the unbelieving heart is always ready to explain away the clearest evidence of truth.
V. 31-32 Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out. And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all peoples to Myself.”
Many thought, when Jesus was crucified, they were passing judgment on Jesus. However, the cross was passing judgment on them – in their rejection of God in the rejection of His Son. Also, the judgment of His ‘seed’ occurred on the cross. The cross also brought about the defeat of Satan.
Jesus’ being lifted up could refer to both the cross and His exaltation, which are definitely connected. Jesus’ death was the pathway to His glorification; in fact, an integral part of it.
It is the One who has been “lifted up” (above this earth) that now draws all – elect Gentiles as well as Jews – unto Himself. That is why the translators have put “peoples” – not “people” referring to every person (i.e. people groups), referring to all without distinction, not all without exception. The preceding context has eliminated the latter option, as Jesus says this is a time of distinguishing those who love their loves from those who hate their lives. Thus, the “all” plainly refers to all of God’s elect. The scope of the word “all” here is the same as in John 6:45 – “And they shall be all taught of God.” It is the same “all” that the Father has given to Christ (John 6:37).
The promise, ‘I will draw all to Myself’ describes that our Lord after His crucifixion would draw men of all nations and tribes and tongues to Himself – to believe in Him and be His disciples. Once crucified, He would become a great center of attraction, and draw to Himself; releasing from the Devil’s usurped power; vast multitudes of all peoples, to be His servants and followers. Up to this time all the world had blindly hastened after Satan and followed him. After Christ’s crucifixion great numbers would turn away from the power of Satan and become Christians. The New Covenant era is the time of belief.
V. 33-36 This He said, signifying by what death He would die. The people answered Him, “We have heard from the law that the Christ remains forever; and how can You say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Man?” Then Jesus said to them, “A little while longer the light is with you. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness overtake you; he who walks in darkness does not know where he is going. While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may become sons of light.” These things Jesus spoke, and departed, and was hidden from them.
Those in darkness cannot comprehend the Scriptures. They could not see the need for a dying Messiah. I sure do!
Scripture Fulfilled (12:37-50)
V. 37 But although He had done so many signs before them, they did not believe in Him,
“They” seems to refer to the nation at large. Some after the resurrection were confused. How could Jesus be the Messiah when most of the Jews rejected Him? The Christian answer to this is that this unbelief is actually necessary as a fulfillment of Scripture.
V. 38-40 That the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke: “Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?” Therefore they could not believe, because Isaiah said again: “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, Lest they should see with their eyes, Lest they should understand with their hearts and turn, So that I should heal them.”
The widespread unbelief and blindness in the present day ought not to surprise us. It is just one of the evidences of the total corruption of fallen man. It seems that sometimes we only feebly grasp and believe the heart’s wretched deceitfulness. Let us read our Bibles
more attentively, and search their contents more carefully. Even when Christ performed incredible miracles and preached the good news, there were large numbers of His hearers who remained completely unmoved.
We believe it had been better to render it thus: “They believed not, consequently the saying of Isaiah was fulfilled.” God does not have to put forth any power to cause any sinner not to believe: if He leaves him to himself, he never will believe.
V. 41 These things Isaiah said when he saw His glory and spoke of Him.
Even as Abraham saw Jesus’ day and rejoiced, Isaiah, too, saw the glory of the Lord Jesus Christ and spoke of Him. Oh, find delight reading the “gospel according to Isaiah!” We also here have the identity of the glorious Lord Isaiah beholds in Isaiah chapter 6!
V. 42-50 Nevertheless even among the rulers many believed in Him, but because of the Pharisees they did not confess Him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue; for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God. Then Jesus cried out and said, “He who believes in Me, believes not in Me but in Him who sent Me. And he who sees Me sees Him who sent Me. I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in Me should not abide in darkness. And if anyone hears My words and does not believe, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world but to save the world. He who rejects Me, and does not receive My words, has that which judges him–the word that I have spoken will judge him in the last day. For I have not spoken on My own authority; but the Father who sent Me gave Me a command, what I should say and what I should speak. And I know that His command is everlasting life. Therefore, whatever I speak, just as the Father has told Me, so I speak.”
This final narrative presents us with a brief but comprehensive view of all the Lord had taught and done during the course of His public ministry, and of the effects which His discourses and miracles had produced on the great body of His countrymen.
The closing section of John 12 forms an epilogue to that chapter of our Lord’s life which had just been brought to a close in John 12:36. Four vital truths which had occupied a prominent place in Christ’s oral ministry are here singled out: His appeal to the Father which sent Him (John 12:44, 45, 49); Himself the Light of the world (John 12:46); the danger of unbelief (John 12:47-49); and the end of faith (John 12:50). The result is clear that the guilt of unbelief rested inexcusably upon Israel. They’d rather commit murder than admit themselves wrong.