We challenge you to take this simple test.
Jot down your answer and set it aside for now.
(The following is primarily addressed to pastors and teachers but everyone is encouraged to give it a read.)
This may come as a shock to you.
We are going to make an assumption. Like you, an overwhelming number of today’s Christians haven’t a clue as to what constitues the new covenant that Jesus has signed, sealed and delivered through the offering of His precious blood. Yet, the answer should be on the tip of our tongues. It should be on the tip of your tongue!
Let’s drive this point home with the following.
If we were to create a second index card with the following question, we have little doubt that a fair number of Christians would answer this question correctly.
Question: After the commandment of the law had been declared by Moses at Sinai to all the people, how was this covenant sealed between God and the people of Israel?
The correct answer:
“For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, saying, “This is the blood of the covenant that God commanded for you.” Hebrews 9:19-20 ESV
The second question should have been a “No brainer.”
The typical seminary – trained evangelical pastor or teacher will get the second question right without breaking a sweat. But why do we draw blanks from pastors and their flocks when the first question is asked? The people under your teaching ministry should be able to answer the first question as easily as the second.
Why is this so important?
If we are regularly participating at the Lord’s Table while we are totally clueless as to what God in Christ has inaugurated in His blood, then we should conclude we do not know something that in God’s mind is extremely important for us to know. Obviously we are missing out on something that is very precious to God. What is this New Covenant?
Let’s illustrate the problem.
Imagine for a moment if the people of Israel were never taught the Ten Commandments even though they observed the sprinkling of the blood of bulls and goats to ratify that covenant. In like manner this is what we do when we take of the cup while ignorant of the thing ratified and inaugurated. This is serious business. How many times have you heard the warning of 1 Cor 11?
Let’s look at 1 Corinthians 11:23-32.
 For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread,  and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”  In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.”  For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.
 Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord.  Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup.  For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.  That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have died.  But if we judged ourselves truly, we would not be judged.  But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world. (ESV)
As demonstrated, we live in the new covenant era inaugurated by Jesus Christ at the Cross. Yet, so few know what God’s Word teaches with regards to this new agreement between God and the object of His love. How can you know for sure you consumed the communion elements in a worthy manner if you do not even understand the very thing Messiah Jesus has willed to His saints through the pouring out of His precious blood?
Take it upon yourself to make a serious effort to learn from God’s Word what constitues the new covenant.
Hint! You can begin with an in depth study of 2 Corinthians 3.
Not convinced as to the importance of this issue?
Next communion Sunday create copies of our index card (above) and distribute them to your people before they take of the elements. Tell your folks to answer the question as best they can. Give them a few minutes to write in their answer and then instruct your people to return the filled in cards to you. At first chance read their answers. Be prepared to do some work going forward. Hopefully by the time your next communion Sunday rolls around you should have instructed your people so that they may take of the elements with a clear Biblical understanding of the very thing for which Jesus was zealous.
One last comment.
This exercise should illustrate why God’s saints should labor for a right understanding of the New Covenant. Jesus Christ purchased it with His precious blood. Put this issue at the top of your list.
Not a pastor or teacher? Save and print a copy of the index card and give it to your pastor or Bible teacher to fill in. Leave the rest in the hands of Another.